1 Primarily a top-down process. 31
2 Primarily a top-down process, although inroads had already been made with the general population. 8
3 Mixed / Neither (e.g. Both high-status individuals and the general population converted at the same time, or the religion was adopted through a mixture of top-down and bottom-up processes.) 32
4 Primarily a bottom-up process, although those in power showed little or no reluctance. 3
5 Primarily a bottom-up process. 4

Was a foreign religion adopted through a top-down (those high in the social hierarchy converted first, followed by the general population) or a bottom-up (the general population converted first, followed by those high in the social hierarchy) process?

Culture Value Source